Papa y patriarca ruso lanzan inédito llamado a unidad y protección de cristianos

El papa Francisco y el patriarca ruso Kirill abogaron el viernes por el restablecimiento de la unidad del cristianismo, fracturado por un cisma milenario, y por la protección de todos los cristianos perseguidos en Medio Oriente, al término de una inédita cita en La Habana.

El papa Francisco (izquierda), saluda al patriarco ruso, Kirill (derecha), durante el encuentro que sostuvieron en La Habana. (Foto Prensa Libre: AFP).
El papa Francisco (izquierda), saluda al patriarco ruso, Kirill (derecha), durante el encuentro que sostuvieron en La Habana. (Foto Prensa Libre: AFP).

“Lamentamos la pérdida de la unidad”, dijeron los líderes religiosos en una declaración conjunta de 30 puntos firmada luego del encuentro de dos horas que sostuvieron en el aeropuerto de la capital cubana.

En ese sentido, “y conscientes de muchos obstáculos que hay que superar, esperamos que nuestro encuentro contribuya a la obtención de la unidad mandada por Dios”, añadieron.

“Hacemos un llamamiento a la comunidad internacional a tomar medidas inmediatas para evitar un mayor desplazamiento de los cristianos de Oriente Medio. Levantando nuestras voces en defensa de los cristianos perseguidos, también solidarizamos con sufrimientos de seguidores de otras tradiciones religiosas”, declaración conjunta.

El primer encuentro entre un papa católico y un patriarca ortodoxo ruso desde el cisma de 1054, dejó también un apremiante llamado a proteger a los cristianos, tanto católicos como ortodoxos en Medio Oriente, donde enfrentan desplazamiento y persecución ante el avance del islamismo radical.

“Hacemos un llamamiento a la comunidad internacional a tomar medidas inmediatas para evitar un mayor desplazamiento de los cristianos de Oriente Medio. Levantando nuestras voces en defensa de los cristianos perseguidos, también solidarizamos con sufrimientos de seguidores de otras tradiciones religiosas” , señala el documento.

Sereno, Francisco evocó en una breve declaración a los medios el compromiso a favor de la unidad que vio en Kirill.

“Hablamos de nuestras iglesias y coincidimos en que la unidad se hace caminando. Hablamos claramente sin medias palabras”, comentó.

De su lado, el líder religioso ruso destacó que tras el encuentro quedó con la seguridad de que “las dos iglesias pueden cooperar protegiendo a los cristianos en todo el mundo”.

Al igual que comenzó la cita, Francisco y Kirill se despidieron entre abrazos y besos.

Los líderes religiosos, que representan a unos 1.330 millones de cristianos, entre católicos  (la gran mayoría) y ortodoxos rusos, se reunieron en la sala del aeropuerto José Martí.

“Yo les confieso que he sentido la consolación del espíritu en este diálogo”, comentó el jefe de la Iglesia Católica.

El presidente Raúl Castro, un ateo comunista de 84 años, ofició como anfitrión y facilitador de este histórico acercamiento dentro del mundo cristiano.

Tras la cita, el papa argentino de 79 años abordó el avión rumbo a un México azotado por la violencia del narcotráfico, donde realizará su duodécimo viaje apostólico.



El presidente cubano, Fidel Castro, se despide con emoción del papa Francisco al despegar el avión que lo trasladó a México. (Foto Prensa Libre: AFP).
El presidente cubano, Fidel Castro, se despide con emoción del papa Francisco al despegar el avión que lo trasladó a México. (Foto Prensa Libre: AFP).


Mientras Kirill estará en Cuba hasta el domingo, cuando saldrá de la isla para completar una gira de 11 días que también incluye a Brasil y Paraguay.

Putin, entre bambalinas

La reunión que el Vaticano trató de organizar en vano por décadas en Europa se fraguó en gran secreto, en parte debido a las resistencias de algunos sectores del patriarcado de la Iglesia ortodoxa rusa, que representa a 130 millones de fieles sobre un total de 250 millones de ortodoxos.

Para muchos analistas, los estrechos vínculos entre el patriarcado y el presidente ruso Vladimir Putin, dieron a la reunión una dimensión política y estratégica.

“Entre bambalinas hay un tercer protagonista, el presidente Putin”, sostiene en su blog el vaticanista Marco Politi, quien recuerda que Francisco recibió el año pasado en dos ocasiones al líder ruso en el Vaticano.

1,330

  • millones de cristianos hay en el mundo, de ellos 250 millones son ortodoxos.

“Sería una ingenuidad pensar que la repentina disponibilidad del patriarca no está relacionada con el papel de Rusia en este momento geopolítico”, escribió Politi.

El jueves, Rusia y Estados Unidos acordaron una “suspensión de las hostilidades”  en Siria en el plazo de una semana, con el objetivo de reactivar el proceso de paz y frenar el desplazamiento masivo de civiles.

La estabilización de Siria y el freno al terrorismo yihadista son dos asuntos que Moscú sopesa con Estados Unidos.

Acusada durante décadas de proselitismo por parte de los ortodoxos rusos, la Iglesia católica intenta superar la desconfianza y evitó condenar la política intervencionista de Putin en Ucrania, gesto apreciado por la Iglesia rusa aunque criticado por los católicos ucranianos de rito griego, que apoyan al gobierno de Kiev.

Pope Francis, right, and Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill talk during their meeting at the Jose Marti International airport in Havana, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. Pope Francis landed in Cuba Friday for the first-ever papal meeting with Patriarch Kirill, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity.(AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

- Pope Francis, right, and Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill talk during their meeting at the Jose Marti International airport in Havana, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. Pope Francis landed in Cuba Friday for the first-ever papal meeting with Patriarch Kirill, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity.(AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia) -

AP

The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch  Kirill, left, and Pope Francis greet each other as as they meet at the Jose Marti airport in Havana, Cuba, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. This is the first-ever papal meeting with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity. (Adalberto Roque/Pool photo via AP)

- The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, left, and Pope Francis greet each other as as they meet at the Jose Marti airport in Havana, Cuba, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. This is the first-ever papal meeting with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity. (Adalberto Roque/Pool photo via AP) -

AP

Pope Francis, center, and Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, second from left, meet at the Jose Marti International airport in Havana, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. Pope Francis landed in Cuba Friday for the first-ever papal meeting with Patriarch Kirill, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity.(AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

- Pope Francis, center, and Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, second from left, meet at the Jose Marti International airport in Havana, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. Pope Francis landed in Cuba Friday for the first-ever papal meeting with Patriarch Kirill, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity.(AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia) -

AP

The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, left, walks with Cuban President Raul Castro, center, at Revolution Palace in Havana, Cuba, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. Kirill is traveling through Latin America, visiting national leaders and the region

- The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, left, walks with Cuban President Raul Castro, center, at Revolution Palace in Havana, Cuba, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. Kirill is traveling through Latin America, visiting national leaders and the region's small Russian Orthodox communities. Patriarch Kirill will also meet Pope Francis for two hours during a brief stop in Havana's Jose Marti airport en route to Mexico. (Enrique de la Osa/Pool photo via AP) -

AP

Pope Francis meets with Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill at the Jose Marti International airport in Havana, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. Pope Francis landed in Cuba Friday for the first-ever papal meeting with Patriarch Kirill, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity.(AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)

- Pope Francis meets with Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill at the Jose Marti International airport in Havana, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. Pope Francis landed in Cuba Friday for the first-ever papal meeting with Patriarch Kirill, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity.(AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia) -

AP

Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, center, introduces a member of his delegation during their meeting at the Jose Marti airport in Havana, Cuba, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. This is the first-ever papal meeting with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity. (Ismael Francisco/Cubadebate via AP)

- Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, center, introduces a member of his delegation during their meeting at the Jose Marti airport in Havana, Cuba, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. This is the first-ever papal meeting with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity. (Ismael Francisco/Cubadebate via AP) -

AP

The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch  Kirill kisses Pope Francis as they meet at the Jose Marti aiport in Havana, Cuba, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. This is the first-ever papal meeting with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity. (Ismael Francisco/Cubadebate via AP)

- The head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill kisses Pope Francis as they meet at the Jose Marti aiport in Havana, Cuba, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. This is the first-ever papal meeting with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity. (Ismael Francisco/Cubadebate via AP) -

AP

Pope Francis, center right,  and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch  Kirill, center left,  meet at the Jose Marti aiport in Havana, Cuba, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. This is the first-ever papal meeting with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity. (Ismael Francisco/Cubadebate via AP)

- Pope Francis, center right, and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Kirill, center left, meet at the Jose Marti aiport in Havana, Cuba, Friday, Feb. 12, 2016. This is the first-ever papal meeting with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, a historic development in the 1,000-year schism within Christianity. (Ismael Francisco/Cubadebate via AP) -

AP

Pope Francis (R) and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill, greet each other during a historic meeting in Havana on February 12, 2016. Pope Francis and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill kissed each other and sat down together Friday for the first meeting between their two branches of the church in nearly a thousand years. Francis, 79, in white robes and a skullcap and Kirill, 69, in black robes and a white headdress, exchanged kisses and embraced before sitting down smiling for the historic meeting at Havana airport.   AFP PHOTO / ADALBERTO ROQUE

- Pope Francis (R) and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill, greet each other during a historic meeting in Havana on February 12, 2016. Pope Francis and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill kissed each other and sat down together Friday for the first meeting between their two branches of the church in nearly a thousand years. Francis, 79, in white robes and a skullcap and Kirill, 69, in black robes and a white headdress, exchanged kisses and embraced before sitting down smiling for the historic meeting at Havana airport. AFP PHOTO / ADALBERTO ROQUE -

AFP

Pope Francis (R) and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill, are pictured during a historic meeting in Havana on February 12, 2016. Pope Francis and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill kissed each other and sat down together Friday for the first meeting between their two branches of the church in nearly a thousand years. Francis, 79, in white robes and a skullcap and Kirill, 69, in black robes and a white headdress, exchanged kisses and embraced before sitting down smiling for the historic meeting at Havana airport.   AFP PHOTO / ADALBERTO ROQUE

- Pope Francis (R) and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill, are pictured during a historic meeting in Havana on February 12, 2016. Pope Francis and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill kissed each other and sat down together Friday for the first meeting between their two branches of the church in nearly a thousand years. Francis, 79, in white robes and a skullcap and Kirill, 69, in black robes and a white headdress, exchanged kisses and embraced before sitting down smiling for the historic meeting at Havana airport. AFP PHOTO / ADALBERTO ROQUE -

AFP

Pope Francis (R) and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill, greet each other during a historic meeting in Havana on February 12, 2016. Pope Francis and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill kissed each other and sat down together Friday for the first meeting between their two branches of the church in nearly a thousand years. Francis, 79, in white robes and a skullcap and Kirill, 69, in black robes and a white headdress, exchanged kisses and embraced before sitting down smiling for the historic meeting at Havana airport.   AFP PHOTO / ADALBERTO ROQUE

- Pope Francis (R) and the head of the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill, greet each other during a historic meeting in Havana on February 12, 2016. Pope Francis and Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill kissed each other and sat down together Friday for the first meeting between their two branches of the church in nearly a thousand years. Francis, 79, in white robes and a skullcap and Kirill, 69, in black robes and a white headdress, exchanged kisses and embraced before sitting down smiling for the historic meeting at Havana airport. AFP PHOTO / ADALBERTO ROQUE -

AFP

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