Internacional

Narcos usan vía marítima ante control fronterizo México-EE. UU.

La Guardia Costera de Estados Unidos señaló este lunes que los carteles de la droga han volcado sus operaciones a través del mar, con el uso incluso de submarinos, ante el reforzamiento de la frontera terrestre con México.

Por San Diego/EFE

In this July 19, 2015 photo released by the U.S. Coast Guard, a Coast Guard Cutter Stratton boarding team seizes cocaine bales from a self-propelled semi-submersible in international waters off the coast of Central America. The seizure of around 12,000 pounds was one of the largest busts of its kind. (Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone/U.S. Coast Guard via AP)
In this July 19, 2015 photo released by the U.S. Coast Guard, a Coast Guard Cutter Stratton boarding team seizes cocaine bales from a self-propelled semi-submersible in international waters off the coast of Central America. The seizure of around 12,000 pounds was one of the largest busts of its kind. (Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone/U.S. Coast Guard via AP)
In this July 19, 2015 photo released by the U.S. Coast Guard, a Coast Guard Cutter Stratton boarding team investigates a self-propelled semi-submersible in international waters off the coast of Central America. The seizure of around 12,000 pounds of cocaine from the vessel was one of the largest busts of its kind. (Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone/U.S. Coast Guard via AP)
In this July 19, 2015 photo released by the U.S. Coast Guard, a Coast Guard Cutter Stratton boarding team investigates a self-propelled semi-submersible in international waters off the coast of Central America. The seizure of around 12,000 pounds of cocaine from the vessel was one of the largest busts of its kind. (Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone/U.S. Coast Guard via AP)
In this image obtained from the US Coast Guard on August 6, 2015, crew from the Coast Guard Cutter Stratton intercept a self-Propelled Semi Submersible in the Eastern Pacific, on July 18, 2015. The US Coast Guard said it seized $181 million worth of cocaine from a submarine-like vessel in the eastern Pacific Ocean, but even more drugs sank during the bust. The Coast Guard seized 12,000 pounds (5,400 kilograms) of cocaine from four smugglers on a semi-submersible ship, the agency said August 6. The vessel, which was first spotted about 200 miles (320 kilometers) south of Mexico, was carrying a total of 16,000 pounds of narcotics, but as the ship was being towed, it took on water and sank. Some 4,000 pounds of narcotics were lost in the process.    == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO HANDOUT-US COAST GUARD/Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone"/ NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS – NO A LA CARTE SALES / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
In this image obtained from the US Coast Guard on August 6, 2015, crew from the Coast Guard Cutter Stratton intercept a self-Propelled Semi Submersible in the Eastern Pacific, on July 18, 2015. The US Coast Guard said it seized $181 million worth of cocaine from a submarine-like vessel in the eastern Pacific Ocean, but even more drugs sank during the bust. The Coast Guard seized 12,000 pounds (5,400 kilograms) of cocaine from four smugglers on a semi-submersible ship, the agency said August 6. The vessel, which was first spotted about 200 miles (320 kilometers) south of Mexico, was carrying a total of 16,000 pounds of narcotics, but as the ship was being towed, it took on water and sank. Some 4,000 pounds of narcotics were lost in the process. == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO HANDOUT-US COAST GUARD/Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone"/ NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS – NO A LA CARTE SALES / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
In this image obtained from the US Coast Guard on August 6, 2015, a Coast Guard Cutter Stratton boarding team opens the bridge of a self-propelled semi-submersible intercepted in international waters off the coast of Central America, July 19, 2015. The US Coast Guard said it seized $181 million worth of cocaine from a submarine-like vessel in the eastern Pacific Ocean, but even more drugs sank during the bust. The Coast Guard seized 12,000 pounds (5,400 kilograms) of cocaine from four smugglers on a semi-submersible ship, the agency said August 6. The vessel, which was first spotted about 200 miles (320 kilometers) south of Mexico, was carrying a total of 16,000 pounds of narcotics, but as the ship was being towed, it took on water and sank. Some 4,000 pounds of narcotics were lost in the process.   == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO HANDOUT-US COAST GUARD/Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone"/ NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS – NO A LA CARTE SALES / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
In this image obtained from the US Coast Guard on August 6, 2015, a Coast Guard Cutter Stratton boarding team opens the bridge of a self-propelled semi-submersible intercepted in international waters off the coast of Central America, July 19, 2015. The US Coast Guard said it seized $181 million worth of cocaine from a submarine-like vessel in the eastern Pacific Ocean, but even more drugs sank during the bust. The Coast Guard seized 12,000 pounds (5,400 kilograms) of cocaine from four smugglers on a semi-submersible ship, the agency said August 6. The vessel, which was first spotted about 200 miles (320 kilometers) south of Mexico, was carrying a total of 16,000 pounds of narcotics, but as the ship was being towed, it took on water and sank. Some 4,000 pounds of narcotics were lost in the process. == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO HANDOUT-US COAST GUARD/Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone"/ NO MARKETING - NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS – NO A LA CARTE SALES / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
In this July 18, 2015 photo released by the U.S. Coast Guard, a Coast Guard Cutter Stratton boarding team investigates a self-propelled semi-submersible interdicted in international waters off the coast of Central America. The Stratton’s crew recovered more than 6 tons of cocaine from the 40-foot vessel. The U.S. Coast Guard has seized 12,000 pounds (5,440 kilograms) of cocaine from a vessel in the Eastern Pacific in one of the largest busts of its kind. Cocaine seizures by the U.S. Coast Guard off Latin America have jumped to their highest levels in five years. Officials say Monday, Aug. 10, 2015, drug traffickers are increasingly turning to the sea to get their loads to U.S. markets.  (Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone/U.S. Coast Guard via AP)
In this July 18, 2015 photo released by the U.S. Coast Guard, a Coast Guard Cutter Stratton boarding team investigates a self-propelled semi-submersible interdicted in international waters off the coast of Central America. The Stratton’s crew recovered more than 6 tons of cocaine from the 40-foot vessel. The U.S. Coast Guard has seized 12,000 pounds (5,440 kilograms) of cocaine from a vessel in the Eastern Pacific in one of the largest busts of its kind. Cocaine seizures by the U.S. Coast Guard off Latin America have jumped to their highest levels in five years. Officials say Monday, Aug. 10, 2015, drug traffickers are increasingly turning to the sea to get their loads to U.S. markets. (Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone/U.S. Coast Guard via AP)
In this July 19, 2015 photo released by the U.S. Coast Guard, Coast Guard Cutter Stratton crew members secure cocaine bales from a self-propelled semi-submersible interdicted in international waters off the coast of Central America. The Coast Guard recovered more than 6 tons of cocaine from the 40-foot vessel. Cocaine seizures by the U.S. Coast Guard off Latin America have jumped to their highest levels in five years. Officials say Monday, Aug. 10, 2015, drug traffickers are increasingly turning to the sea to get their loads to U.S. markets. The $1.8 billion in seized cocaine comes after Washington restored the Coast Guard budget to its previous levels, following a 25 percent cut in operating costs in 2013. (Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone/U.S. Coast Guard via AP)
In this July 19, 2015 photo released by the U.S. Coast Guard, Coast Guard Cutter Stratton crew members secure cocaine bales from a self-propelled semi-submersible interdicted in international waters off the coast of Central America. The Coast Guard recovered more than 6 tons of cocaine from the 40-foot vessel. Cocaine seizures by the U.S. Coast Guard off Latin America have jumped to their highest levels in five years. Officials say Monday, Aug. 10, 2015, drug traffickers are increasingly turning to the sea to get their loads to U.S. markets. The $1.8 billion in seized cocaine comes after Washington restored the Coast Guard budget to its previous levels, following a 25 percent cut in operating costs in 2013. (Petty Officer 2nd Class LaNola Stone/U.S. Coast Guard via AP)
Coast Guard Cutter Stratton crew offloads 34 metric tons of cocaine in San Diego, California on August10, 2015.  A single US Coast Guard ship has recovered cocaine worth more than one billion dollars in under a year, authorities said Monday. The Stratton confiscated an impressive 29.9 tonnes of the drug in 10 months, from October 2012 through September 30, 2014, off Latin American coasts in the eastern Pacific, the coast guard reported. The cocaine -- from 23 interdiction operations -- is equal to about 33 million lines of cocaine or 336 million hits of crack, DEA estimates say.          AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD PO3 JOEL GUZMAN / RELEASED         == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD / PO3 JOEL GUZMAN "/ NO MARKETING / NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
Coast Guard Cutter Stratton crew offloads 34 metric tons of cocaine in San Diego, California on August10, 2015. A single US Coast Guard ship has recovered cocaine worth more than one billion dollars in under a year, authorities said Monday. The Stratton confiscated an impressive 29.9 tonnes of the drug in 10 months, from October 2012 through September 30, 2014, off Latin American coasts in the eastern Pacific, the coast guard reported. The cocaine -- from 23 interdiction operations -- is equal to about 33 million lines of cocaine or 336 million hits of crack, DEA estimates say. AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD PO3 JOEL GUZMAN / RELEASED == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD / PO3 JOEL GUZMAN "/ NO MARKETING / NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
Coast Guard Cutter Stratton crew offloads 34 metric tons of cocaine in San Diego, California on August 10, 2015.  A single US Coast Guard ship has recovered cocaine worth more than one billion dollars in under a year, authorities said Monday. The Stratton confiscated an impressive 29.9 tonnes of the drug in 10 months, from October 2012 through September 30, 2014, off Latin American coasts in the eastern Pacific, the coast guard reported. The cocaine -- from 23 interdiction operations -- is equal to about 33 million lines of cocaine or 336 million hits of crack, DEA estimates say.          AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD PO3 ANDREA ANDERSON / RELEASED         == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD / PO3 ANDREA ANDERSON "/ NO MARKETING / NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
Coast Guard Cutter Stratton crew offloads 34 metric tons of cocaine in San Diego, California on August 10, 2015. A single US Coast Guard ship has recovered cocaine worth more than one billion dollars in under a year, authorities said Monday. The Stratton confiscated an impressive 29.9 tonnes of the drug in 10 months, from October 2012 through September 30, 2014, off Latin American coasts in the eastern Pacific, the coast guard reported. The cocaine -- from 23 interdiction operations -- is equal to about 33 million lines of cocaine or 336 million hits of crack, DEA estimates say. AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD PO3 ANDREA ANDERSON / RELEASED == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD / PO3 ANDREA ANDERSON "/ NO MARKETING / NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
Coast Guard Cutter Stratton crew offloads 34 metric tons of cocaine in San Diego, California on August 10, 2015.  A single US Coast Guard ship has recovered cocaine worth more than one billion dollars in under a year, authorities said Monday. The Stratton confiscated an impressive 29.9 tonnes of the drug in 10 months, from October 2012 through September 30, 2014, off Latin American coasts in the eastern Pacific, the coast guard reported. The cocaine -- from 23 interdiction operations -- is equal to about 33 million lines of cocaine or 336 million hits of crack, DEA estimates say.          AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD PO3 ANDREA ANDERSON / RELEASED         == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD / PO3 ANDREA ANDERSON "/ NO MARKETING / NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==
Coast Guard Cutter Stratton crew offloads 34 metric tons of cocaine in San Diego, California on August 10, 2015. A single US Coast Guard ship has recovered cocaine worth more than one billion dollars in under a year, authorities said Monday. The Stratton confiscated an impressive 29.9 tonnes of the drug in 10 months, from October 2012 through September 30, 2014, off Latin American coasts in the eastern Pacific, the coast guard reported. The cocaine -- from 23 interdiction operations -- is equal to about 33 million lines of cocaine or 336 million hits of crack, DEA estimates say. AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD PO3 ANDREA ANDERSON / RELEASED == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE / MANDATORY CREDIT: "AFP PHOTO / HANDOUT / US COAST GUARD / PO3 ANDREA ANDERSON "/ NO MARKETING / NO ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS / DISTRIBUTED AS A SERVICE TO CLIENTS ==

La institución divulgó hoy cifras récord de esos decomisos marítimos, que llegaron a 119 mil libras de cocaína, más de 50 toneladas, desde que comenzó el actual año fiscal, el 1 de octubre del 2014.

Según la entidad federal, estas incautaciones sobrepasan las de los dos años fiscales anteriores combinados y representan pérdidas por más de mil 800 millones de dólares al crimen organizado.

Sin embargo, el valor puede ser aún “mucho mayor”  en las calles, precisó comandante Paul Zukunft.

La Guardia Costera descargó hoy en San Diego unas 67 mil libras de la droga incautada en decenas de operativos en las aguas de Centro y Suramérica entre abril y julio pasados.

Dicha cantidad representa la descarga más grande de cocaína jamás registrada en Estados Unidos, según detallaron las autoridades.

“Cada uno de los paquetes de esta cocaína estaba destinado a Estados Unidos, todas estas toneladas se consumen en nuestro país cada año”, mencionó Zukunft.

El reforzamiento de la frontera terrestre entre México y Estados Unidos ha obligado a los narcotraficantes a optar por rutas marítimas para que la droga llegue a su principal mercado, recordaron las autoridades.

“Creemos que la mayoría de los carteles de la droga se están aprovechando de las rutas marítimas”, aseguró Bruce Ohr, fiscal asociado de la Fiscalía estadounidense.

Agentes federales en las costas detectan estos cargamentos de droga en diferentes tipos y tamaños de embarcaciones, e incluso en submarinos, explicaron.

De igual forma, en los últimos diez meses fueron capturados 215 presuntos traficantes, que enfrentan juicios en varias cortes estadounidenses.

El comandante Zukunft subrayó que dichas organizaciones criminales son las que fomentan la violencia en Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador, lo que ha derivado en la migración de miles de menores a Estados Unidos.

El oficial señaló que la droga descargada hoy en San Diego es la que impulsa la economía de las organizaciones criminales detrás de la violencia.

Los decomisos “contribuyen directamente a la estabilidad regional”, agregó.

Pese a ello, funcionarios estadounidenses destacaron que no deben cesar los esfuerzos, al estimar que únicamente logran actuar sobre un 30 % del tráfico marítimo.